WEEKS 1-2 IN THE VIRGINIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY
The Virginia General Assembly began its 401st session on January 8th. Party control of both Chambers changed this year as a result of the 2019 elections, and change is the order of the day for this session. The Northern Virginia Chamber will continue to maintain a full-time presence in Richmond during the session, this year aided by additional full time contracted lobbyists from Williams Mullen. For more information regarding the Chamber’s business advocacy efforts and to see our 2020 Legislative Agenda, please visit the Chamber’s website here.
Education and Workforce Bills
One policy area where Chamber priorities will advance this session is in education and workforce development. There are a number of these bills we are supporting that, when taken together, show a strong interest by this General Assembly in workforce development. The Chamber is very encouraged that our legislators have heard from the business community that more is needed to fill open jobs and create tomorrow’s workforce.
- Dual Enrollment and Graduation Requirements:
We are supporting several bills that take similar approaches to encouraging more dual enrollment by high school students. HB/SB112 and HB516 require the Board of Education to include in its high school graduation requirements the options for students to complete a dual-enrollment course or high-quality work-based learning experience in place of an Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate course. SB112 passed the Senate unanimously on Jan. 14, showing good support for this initiative. HB195 requires the State Council of Higher Education in Virginia (SCHEV) to develop strategies to enhance dual enrollment opportunities for students. Finally, HB1316 creates a unit at the Department of Education to facilitate partnerships between school division and businesses to increase work-based learning options for students, among many other changes to the Standards of Quality which we are reviewing.
Similar to the bills offering work-based learning as substitute for AP/IB courses, SB323 allow for the substitution of computer science for foreign language requirements.
This General Assembly has a very strong interest in pursuing new clean energy policies for the Commonwealth and members have introduced a variety of bills to do so. Our 2020 Legislative Agenda supports initiatives that promote a diverse, reliable, efficient, and affordable energy portfolio to support a growing economy, while contributing to the Commonwealth’s economic development and environmental goals.
- The Green New Deal:
The Green New Deal (HB77) is the energy legislation with the most strict deadlines. Among its many provisions, HB77 establishes a 2021 moratorium on new energy facilities that rely on fossil fuels, including pipelines that transport such fuels. It also requires that 100 percent of the energy sold by a retail electric provider be produced by clean energy sources. The Chamber opposes this bill because it does not consider the economic implications of what it is requiring, such as the affordability and reliability of the clean energy supply that may be available in 2036. It also includes a number of labor provisions unrelated to clean energy.
- Virginia Energy Plan
HB714 and SB94 call for the creation of a Virginia Energy Plan, which includes a target of net-zero emissions in Virginia by 2050. The Chamber is supportive of this approach to clean energy policy because it includes private sector engagement, considers economic implications of the transition to clean energy, and is generally a more business-minded approach to clean energy policy while keeping intact the Governor’s 2050 target.
- Virginia Clean Economy Act
HB1526 is another far-reaching clean energy bill before this General Assembly. Similar to the Green New Deal, it sets interim targets for the use of renewables on the path toward 100 percent renewable energy generation by 2050.
One challenging set of bills, HB785 and SB484, would equalize taxing authority between counties and cities. The Chamber is opposing these bills as drafted because they would allow counties to adopt an unlimited meals tax without referendum and to adopt a higher transient occupancy tax. The bills would also allow counties to adopt admissions taxes and tobacco taxes, but the meals and TOT are the two categories that would produce the most revenue for Northern Virginia counties. The Chamber is working with other business groups to oppose the bills as drafted.
Required Employee Leave Proposals
The General Assembly will consider a number of proposals on requiring employers to offer specific kinds of leave. These proposals include mandating employers offer employees 4 hours of parental leave annually, at least 24 hours of paid sick leave annually, 4 days of leave annually if the employee or a family member is a victim of sexual violence, and the largest proposal is a state-run Paid Family and Medical Leave program (HB825/SB770) that would increase payroll taxes on employers and employees and provide employees up to 12 weeks of annual leave for reasons included in the federal, non-paid, Family and Medical Leave Act. The Chamber spoke against the program included in these bills during a special committee in the fall, and stated the program is too costly, too expansive, and undermines the market-based, competitive benefits packages our members already offer. While we are not supportive of any mandated leave bills, we have been engaging with patrons to try and mitigate the potential impact should the bills be successful.
Business Climate (Minimum Wage and Right to Work)
As expected, there is legislation raising the minimum wage and repealing right to work. The Chamber is opposed to both and monitoring the many minimum wage proposals that have been introduced.
- “Fair Share” and Right to Work
SB426 would require employees to pay a pro rata share of a union’s collective bargaining expenses if that union in effect represented the employee in that bargaining. If you work at an organization where there is a collective bargaining agreement in place, you are required as a condition of your employment to pay this fee to the union. The Chamber opposes this bill.
This is of course a budget year, and Gov. Northam’s 2020-2021 budget includes major investments in education and transportation. The Chamber is working to ensure our priorities included in the budget, particularly in education and transportation, are funded equitably through General Assembly adoption.
If you have not reviewed the proposals included in this budget, I would encourage you to do so here: https://www.governor.virginia.gov/newsroom/all-releases/2019/december/headline-849987-en.html
- $145M: The establishment of the G3 program which provides tuition-free community college available to low- and middle-income students who pursue jobs in high-demand fields
- $94M: The budget makes many investments in early childhood education, the largest of which is $59.5M for the Virginia Preschool Initiative which targets at-risk 3- and 4-year-olds.
- $1.2B: The budget includes funding for a number of K-12 priorities of the Governor, including $145M for teacher raises and $125M in flexible funding for local school systems
- Increases the gas tax by 4 cents annually for 3 years then ties it to the Consumer Price Index.
- Replaces $65M of NVTA revenue diverted to WMATA in 2018
- Administration’s presentation on the transportation elements of the budget: http://sfc.virginia.gov/pdf/transportation/2020/01152020_No1_Valentine.pdf
These weekly updates are meant to provide a snapshot of how the Chamber is advocating on behalf of our members at the General Assembly. If you would like to know how the Chamber is engaging on a topic not included in this update, please contact Vice President of Government Relations at Clayton Medford .